KT & Related Activities
Showing 1 - 10 (of 178 results):
A framework for producing scientific advice on health
Sarria-Santamera, A., Schoten, E.J., Coenen, T.M.M., Gunning-Schepers, L.J., Pauwels, A., Allander, S.V., Wysocki, M.J., Ciutan, M. & Segovia, C. (2013)
Developing scientific advice on health issues from sound evidence is key to making appropriate health policy decisions. This resource outlines a framework developed by the European Science Advisory Network for Health (EuSANH), a network of national science advisory bodies that provides independent scientific advice to national governments. The EuSANH has developed a methodology for synthesizing scientific and technical evidence to create advice on health issues in their guide,
A Framework for Science Advice on Health: Priniciples and Guidelines.
A national knowledge translation initiative
McWilliam, C.L., Stewart, M., Brown, J.B., Feightner, J., Rosenberg, M., Gutman, G., Penning, M., et al. (2003)
The Canadian National Consensus Process (CNCP) was a three-year project developed to promote knowledge transfer among stakeholders in seniors' health. These stakeholders included seniors, policy-makers, professional providers, service planners and academics. The aim of the CNCP was to support greater understanding and consensus among researchers and research users to increase the provision of cost-effective, efficient services in seniors' health. This resource is a case example of a national knowledge translation initiative with KT strategies and evaluation techniques.
A planning tool for priority setting
The Health Communication Unit (2011)
Developed by The Health Communication Unit (THCU), the
Priority Setting Process Checklist (PSPC) is a useful tool for preparing to set priorities. Priority setting, or resource allocation, is a complex process. The PSPC is based on evidence-informed decision making that seeks to incorporate theory and evidence in program planning.
A tool to assess evidence-based decision making capacity among public health professionals and organizations
Jacobs, J.A., Clayton, P.F., Dove, C., Funchess, T., Jones, E., Perveen, G., Skidmore, B., Sutton, V., Worthington, S., Baker, E.A., Deshpande, A.D. & Brownson, R.C. (2012)
This survey tool measures individual practitioner and organizational capacity for evidence-based decision making (EBDM) in public health. Developed to support implementation of evidence-based interventions in chronic disease, the instrument measures practitioner self-efficacy and competencies and organizational capacity for evidence-informed public health.
Action plan for disseminating effective health innovations
Lomas, J. (2007)
Based on a study of the spread of innovation in the health sector, the author prepared this position paper for the Ministry of Health in New Zealand. The report targets changes both at the organizational and systems levels to foster environments supportive of change and innovation. This method can be used to inform changes in organizational processes and priorities that will foster the development and adoption of innovation within public health.
After dissemination: Diffusion principles to increase uptake and adoption of innovations
Dearing, J.W. & Kreuter, M.W. (2010)
This resource outlines principles to increase uptake and adoption of evidence-based programs and policies by potential users. In contrast to dissemination, where program designers and researchers "push" information about an innovation to intended audiences, diffusion involves communication among users through a network or groups. Diffusion is a social process among potential users where social influence is a key precursor to generating interest, forming attitudes and changing behaviour to support the adoption of innovations.
AMSTAR: assessing methodological quality of systematic reviews
Shea, B.J., Grimshaw, J.M., Wells, G.A., Boers, M., Andersson, N., Hamel, C., Porter, A.C. et al. (2007)
The “assessment of multiple systematic reviews” (AMSTAR) is an 11-item measurement tool that can be used to assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews.
Applicability and Transferability of Evidence Tool (A&T Tool)
Buffett, C., Ciliska, D., & Thomas, H. (2007)
This tool is part of an overall process that explores whether and how to apply evidence into public health decision-making and policy-making. Public health decision-makers base clinical and policy decisions on high quality evidence when it is available. Decision-makers must also consider whether or not an intervention that worked in a research study could apply to local programs and policy. This tool was created to help public health managers and planners make decisions about local programming priorities. Public health decision-makers who want to incorporate high quality evidence in their programming can use this tool to help determine whether a policy or program is relevant or feasible. This tool can be used by decision-makers in any public health program area.
Appraising public health interventions
Rychetnik, L. & Frommer, M. (2002)
A Schema for Evaluating Evidence on Public Health Interventions, can be used to appraise evidence on public health interventions as part of a literature review. This guide looks at appraisal in two stages:
appraising individual papers to decide if they provide useful and credible information on an intervention; and
making conclusions based on the evidence for writing a summary statement about the intervention.
Assessing generalizability (external validity) of evidence to practice
Green, L.W. & Glasgow, R.E. (2006)
Program planners and practitioners need to assess whether research evidence is generalizable and relevant to their local setting. This tool, developed by Green and Glasgow (2006), evaluates research across four domans to assess the external validity of evidence for use in policy and practice.