webinar summary

Search pyramids to find research evidence

A summary of

National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools (2013). Search Pyramids. Hamilton, ON: National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools. Available from: http://www.nccmt.ca/learningcentre/index.php

How to cite this NCCMT summary:

National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools (2013). Search pyramids to find research evidence. Hamilton, ON: McMaster University. (Updated 27 May, 2013) Retrieved from http://www.nccmt.ca/resources/search/181.

Categories: Tool, Search

These summaries are written by the NCCMT to condense and to provide an overview of the resources listed in the Registry of Methods and Tools and to give suggestions for their use in a public health context. For more information on individual methods and tools included in the review, please consult the authors/developers of the original resources.

Relevance for Public Health
These tools can be used to quickly and efficiently find high quality research evidence for public health to inform program and policy decisions.
Description

Developed by the National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools, search pyramids help users quickly find high quality research evidence on different public health topics. These pre-populated search pyramids link to relevant sources of evidence.

The search pyramids are based on the 6S pyramid of research evidence (DiCenso, Bayley & Haynes, 2009a, 2009b).

Pre-appraised resources are assessed for methodological rigour, and in some instances are synthesized (guidelines and systematic reviews). In other instances, the resources are both synthesized and summarized (Robeson, Dobbins, DeCorby & Tirilis, 2010). Databases, such as Health Evidence, critically appraise systematic reviews to assess the review's quality, and in some cases produce a summary of the review.

Accessing pre-appraised evidence according to the 6S pyramid is a more efficient way of finding research evidence since:

  • synthesized evidence encompasses systematic search and quality appraisal of many single studies, so that findings are less likely to be influenced by bias; and
  • evidence has been critically appraised to determine its methodological quality.

Features of the search pyramids include:

  • sources of research evidence;
  • sites that include pre-appraised evidence to ensure high quality evidence is accessed; and
  • customizable searches so users can include additional websites and save their settings.

The search pyramids can be used along with an online module, Searching For Evidence in Public Health, that can be accessed from NCCMT's Learning Centre.

Implementing the Method/Tool
Steps for Using Method/Tool

The seven search pyramids are:

  1. General public health evidence
  2. Environmental health
  3. Injury prevention
  4. Mental health
  5. Health communication and social media
  6. Healthy habits (healthy eating, physical activity) for children
  7. Healthy habits (healthy eating, physical activity) for adults
Who is involved
Anyone looking for public health research evidence can use the search pyramids.
Conditions for Use
Not specified
Evaluation and Measurement Characteristics
Evaluation
Has not been evaluated
Validity
Not applicable
Reliability
Not applicable
Methodological Rating
Not applicable
Method/Tool Development
Developer(s)
Donna Ciliska, RN, PhD and Jessie McGowan, PhD, AHIP
National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools
McMaster University
1685 Main Street West, Suite 302
Hamilton ON L8S 1G5
www.nccmt.ca
Email: nccmt@nccmt.ca
Method of Development
An experienced librarian with expertise in evidence-informed practice and public health and McMaster University faculty developed the search pyramids.
Release Date
2013
Contact Person/Source
National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools
McMaster University
1685 Main Street West, Suite 302
Hamilton ON L8S 1G5
www.nccmt.ca
Email: nccmt@nccmt.ca

Resources

Title of Primary Resource
Search Pyramids
File Attachment
None
Web-link
Reference

National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools (2013). Search Pyramids. Hamilton, ON: National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools. Available from: http://www.nccmt.ca/learningcentre/index.php

Type of Material
Online tool
Format
On-line Access
Cost to Access
None.
Language
English, French
Conditions for Use
Copyright © 2013 National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools

Title of Supplementary Resource
An introduction to evidence-based public health and a compendium of critical appraisal tools for public health practice
File Attachment
None
Web-link
Reference
Ciliska, D., Thomas, H. & Buffet, C. (2012). An Introduction to Evidence-Informed Public Health and A Compendium of Critical Appraisal Tools for Public Health Practice (Revised). Hamilton, ON: National Collaborating Centre for Methods and Tools
Type of Material
Paper
Format
On-line Access
Cost to Access
None.
Language
English, French
Conditions for Use
Not specified

Title of Supplementary Resource
Accessing pre-appraised evidence: fine-tuning the 5S model into a 6S model
File Attachment
None
Web-link
Reference
DiCenso, A., Bayley, L. & Haynes, R. B. (2009a). Accessing pre-appraised evidence: fine-tuning the 5S model into a 6S model. Evidence-Based Nursing, 12: 99-101. doi: 10.1136/ebn.12.4.99-b
Type of Material
Journal article
Format
Periodical
Cost to Access
Journal article purchase
Language
English
Conditions for Use
Not specified

Title of Supplementary Resource
Editorial: Accessing preappraised evidence: fine-tuning the 5S model into a 6S model
File Attachment
None
Web-link
Reference
DiCenso, A., Bayley, L. & Haynes, R. B (2009b). ACP Journal Club. Editorial: Accessing preappraised evidence: fine-tuning the 5S model into a 6S model. Annals of Internal Medicine, 151(6), JC3-2, JC3-3.
Type of Material
Journal article
Format
On-line Access
Cost to Access
Journal article purchase
Language
English
Conditions for Use
Not specified

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